On Tuesday, U.S.-Japanese scientist Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann of Germany and Giorgio Parisi of Italy won the Nobel Prize for Physics, for climate models and the understanding of complex physical systems.
Manabe is associated with Princeton University, U.S. and Hasselmann is a professor at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg.
Recounting the contributions of these intellectuals, the Nobel Committee said, “This year’s Physics Nobel recognizes new methods for describing complex systems and predicting their long-term behaviour. One complex system of vital importance to humankind is Earth’s climate.”
Further elaborating on Syukuro Manabe’s work, the body tweeted, “His work demonstrated how increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere lead to increased temperatures at the surface of the Earth. His work laid the foundation for the development of current climate models.”
The Nobel committee endowed recognition to Klaus Hasselmann’s model that linked weather and climate. “His methods have been used to prove that the increased temperature in the atmosphere is due to human emissions of carbon dioxide”, the former tweeted.
The other half of the award was given to Giorgio Parisi “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.”
The announcement just before the COP26 Climate summit in Glasgow indicates that modelling of climate is based on Physics theory, as confirmed by Thor Hans Hansson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics.
The renowned prize includes a Gold Medal along with 10 Million Swedish Kronor. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901.
On Monday, the Nobel prize for Medicine was awarded to Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries into how the human body perceives temperature and touch.